WTPP Abstracts: Volume 11 (2005)
Volume 11, Number 3 Abstracts Not yet available
Volume 11, Number 4 Abstracts Not yet available
Volume 11, Number 1 (2004) Back to the top
Download this issue here: wtpp11.1.pdf
Allocating aircraft carbon dioxide emissions to airports on the basis of passenger share: scenarios for Manchester Airport
Paul Upham, Sarah Butlin, Maxwell Davis, Ulrika Nilsson & Tim Smith
UK aviation greenhouse gas emissions will double over the next 25 years if Government plans for expansion are realised. This paper makes a case for the inclusion of domestic and international aircraft greenhouse gas emissions, divided equally between the airports used for take-off and landing, in airport environmental reports. A simple allocation method is described and is used to indicate the emissions implications of increasing passenger numbers at Manchester Airport, using combinations of the growth scenarios proposed by the Department for Transport in its aviation white paper consultation.
A Sustainability risk analysis of the Low Cost Airline sector
Duncan J. Gordon, Andrew Blaza & William R. Sheate
The Low Cost Airline (LCA) sector has significant sustainability impacts due not least to the growth of existing, and creation of new, aviation markets. However, there has been surprisingly little academic research in relation to the future of the LCA sector and the sustainability impacts of the airlines. Key issues include how long they can maintain offering such cheap tickets, and what is their potential vulnerability to changing circumstances? This paper reports on the use of a 'sustainability risk analysis' of the LCA sector centred on the concept of a 'sustainable business', which takes into account both business viability and the wider sense of sustainability. This analysis focused on the assessment of the airline business model, which included producing a new conceptualisation of the model in the form of a customer journey, and an evaluation of the risks using qualitative data from fifteen semi-structured interviews of a wide range of senior representatives of the aviation industry.
The analysis found a significant risk to the sustainability of the LCA business model from a wide range of threats, including sustainability threats, such as the introduction of an environmental economic instrument. Another broader threat was the lack of strategic management among the LCA sector, which was also found to be indicative of the aviation industry as a whole.
Sustainable mobility in metropolitan environments in developing countries &endash; Metropolitan Beirut case study
Hicham H. Akkaoui, Hartmut Topp & Aly A. Hassan
Mobility is among the most characteristic features of developed and developing societies. By its use of resources and its direct and indirect effects on the economy, environment and social lifestyle, it lies along the fault-lines of unsustainability and inequality. The concept of 'sustainable mobility' can offer a framework for redressing a balance of the needs of societies. The paper illustrates this concept, and it focuses on introducing a sustainable mobility plan for Greater Beirut.
Cycling trends & policies in Canadian cities
John Pucher & Ralph Buehler
Bicycling accounted for an average of 1.2% of work trips in Canada in 2001, but with considerable variation by province and metropolitan area. In this study, we chose six Canadian cities for detailed analysis of their cycling trends and policies:
- Montréal and Québec City in Québec;
- Ottawa and Toronto in Ontario; and
- Vancouver and Victoria in British Columbia.
All of these cities have made impressive efforts to encourage more and safer cycling. Most of the cities report increases in cycling levels over the past two decades but appear to have reached a limit due to lack of funding for crucially needed cycling infrastructure (bike paths and lanes, parking, intersection modifications, etc.). In addition, the low-density, car-oriented suburban sprawl spreading around most Canadian cities has been increasing trip distances, thus making cycling decreasingly feasible outside the urban core. Finally, Canadian cities and provinces have not imposed any significant restrictions on car use or imposed increases in taxes, fees, and other charges for car use, such as most European cities have implemented to discourage driving and increase transit use, walking, and cycling. If Canadian cities really want to further increase cycling levels, they will have to further expand cycling infrastructure, curb low-density sprawl, and impose more restrictions and charges on car use.
Volume 11, Number 2 (2005) Back to the top
Download this issue here: wtpp11.2.pdf
Roadwars &endash; or: Go Extreme. Go MK.
Before moving to Milton Keynes in 2003, the author looked at the Milton Keynes council website and was impressed by the information about the ease of cycling in the borough. When he arrived in Milton Keynes, he got a shock. He sent the following text and images to Milton Keynes Council and, other than an e-mail auto-response, heard nothing for a few weeks. Then he was contacted by the Editor of a Milton Keynes promotional website requesting permission to put some of the text and the images on the web. Some of it appeared on http://www.mkweb.co.uk/transportmk/ but it was rewritten particularly the Editor of MKWeb praised National Express, something he wouldn't have done were he a regular passenger. Following complaints from the author, the Editor of MKWeb removed it from the website. However, the rewrite can be found on the internet.
An analysis of the regulation & transportation of hazardous waste in the United States of America
Vereda Johnson King & Basil Coley
This research analyses current practices and trends related to the transportation of hazardous waste materials with special emphasis on the Department of Transportation's guidelines for transporting contaminants. Several major problems associated with hazardous waste are addressed including the following: tracking and documenting of the movement, notification requirements of imports and exports, labelling and placement of safety markers, initial and recurrent records of employee training for handling contaminants, compliance and violations. Additionally, this study will analyse the impact of the regulations and guidelines for the transport of hazardous materials using the 2001 Penalty Action Report from the Department of Transportation (OHMS, 2002).
Urban road infrastructure policies in Africa: the importance of mainstreaming pedestrian infrastructure and traffic calming facilities
Marius de Langen
The scale and orientation of urban road infrastructure works that are implemented in Africa usually depend strongly on the financial position of the local and national government. The reality in most cities is that the available budget is small compared to the total volume of works that ought to be carried out and, since that has been the case for the last three decades, a huge backlog of essential infrastructure demands has built up. Given the scarcity of funds it is very understandable that the works that have been carried out have focused largely on increasing the capacity of the main arterial road networks for motor vehicle traffic.
However, looking at the composition of urban travel demand in African cities, at mobility levels, at affordability of travel costs, and at the actual road infrastructure and traffic quality that has in general been achieved, the question must be asked: understandable, yes but wise? The short answer to this question is: no.
This paper discusses the importance of mainstreaming pedestrian infrastructure and traffic calming facilities as an immediate priority &endash; precisely because of the enormous backlog in infrastructure supply and the low traffic performance quality that most currently adopted road infrastructure designs have led to.
Volume 11, Number 3 (2005) Back to the top
Volume 11, Number 4 (2005) Back to the top